Premium Vietnam black pepper – Why it is called the black gold of Viet Nam?

The origins and development of premium Vietnam black pepper

The first black pepper tree was planted in the 17th century, giving rise to premium Vietnam black pepper. The French cultivated a lot of pepper in Phu Quoc, Hon Chong, and Ha Tien during the end of the 19th century. The number of pepper plants climbed to 544,000 trees at the turn of the twentieth century.

Characteristics of premium Vietnam black pepper

According to the Vietnam Black Pepper Quality Standard, unrefined black pepper (NP) or semi-processed black pepper (SP) is classified into four weight/volume grades: special grade, grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3. The table below depicts the physical properties of black pepper:

High quality Vietnamese black pepper must have a strong scent and no distinguishing odor or taste.

Premium Vietnam black pepper cultivation areas

Temperatures ranging from 10 to 35 degrees Celsius are optimal for black pepper. Furthermore, the plant grows well in areas with high humidity and light breezes. Vietnam has various pepper growing locations that produce a considerable amount of black pepper.

Tay Nguyen: There are two seasons in Tay Nguyen: the wet season and dry season. The rainy season lasts from May to October, while the dry season lasts from November to April the following year. The annual rainfall averages roughly 1800 mm, with the rainy season accounting for the majority of this. Furthermore, the humidity levels are ideal for pepper plant growth. Tay Nguyen province has large, fertile, well-drained basalt soil that is ideal for cultivating Vietnamese black pepper. This soil is said to be suitable for growing industrial crops.
Southeast region: The Southeast has a sub-equatorial climate with year-round stable temperature, good natural circumstances, and significant seasonal change, which is ideal for monsoon operation.
Phu Quoc island: Pepper is mostly farmed in the hilly region of Phu Quoc. In its natural state, Phu Quoc pepper has a distinct aroma and flavor.

Quang Tri province: located in the south of the North Central Coast, produces some of the greatest Vietnamese black peppers in the country. Quang Tri province, which has over 20000 hectares of rich basalt red soil, is in an ideal position to produce this plant.

Premium Vietnam black pepper has a competitive advantage.

Because of the country’s advantages, Vietnam has been a major supplier of black pepper to 80 nations and territories.

Price: Trade between Vietnam and the EU has increased as a result of the government’s assistance in signing the EVFTA. The black pepper export tax has been decreased to 99 percent, resulting in a considerable decline in the export price of black pepper, creating a price advantage over other pepper exporting countries.

Quantity stability: Due to Vietnam’s wide agricultural area, the output of pepper has continuously increased over the years. The area under cultivation of peppers has steadily expanded from 51,300 ha in 2010 to 140,200 ha in 2019. The total area under cultivation of peppers reached 152,000 hectares in 2017. With a huge growing area, the amount of black pepper produced in Vietnam has been consistent over the years.

High-grade products: With fertile basalt soil and good crop quality due to pepper and coffee intercropping, Vietnam is suitable for cultivating black pepper. The seeds of Vietnamese black pepper are huge, solid, hot, and aromatic. Furthermore, pepper is sun-dried to 13 percent moisture content without the use of any chemicals. Furthermore, farmers carefully remove low-quality seeds to ensure that Vietnamese pepper matches and meets international export specifications.

Top 3 premium Vietnam pepper suppliers


K-Agricultural Factory, one of Vietnam’s most prominent black pepper producers, has supplied its products to over 80 countries worldwide. K-Agricultural Factory has been designated as the national representative, exporting the greatest agricultural commodities to the global market, thanks to sophisticated milling and polishing procedures and government backing (Ministry of Industry and Trade). Love).

The company offers all types of pepper, including black pepper, white pepper, and powdered pepper, all of which exceed GAP, ISO, and HACCP requirements. Contact them via Linkedin to get the latest price of pepper.

Olam Spice

Olam International was the first to export cashews from Nigeria to India in 1989. Olam Food Ingredients is a global leader in the provision of food and beverage ingredients and solutions. OFI provides chocolate, coffee, milk, nuts, spices, and cocoa as ingredients.


In Vietnam, Hanfimex is a major producer and exporter of food and spices such as cashews, pepper, cinnamon, coffee, and coconut. With over 17 years of experience and a renowned customer base, Hanfimex is regarded as one of the greatest agricultural export enterprises in the world. The company is a renowned customer network that the Ministry of Industry and Trade has confidence in.